UBUKHOSI NEENKOSI ZESIZWE samaBHACA

Written by Mveli Diko Ka-Khalimeshe

Indze lendzaba ndiyibhale lha kodvwa ke nditama kuphendvula umbuto obutiweko, noba ndingasakhumbuli kuthsi ubutwe hhubani lha. Iminyaka endiyibhale lha yiminyaka iNkosi nganye eqale ngayo ukuphathsa okanye yagqibela ngawo ukuphathsa. 

(1) ZULU: until 1692. 

INkosi yokuqala yalesi Sizwe endifumene ukufundza ngayo kwaku hhu Zulu, (kodvwa ke asinguye lho Zulu otala uMageba neSizwe samaZulu akeKZN lho, it’s a different one. Hhukufana nje kwamagama but a different Zulu). Lho ndibhobha ngaye hhomunye uZulu, lhona ke iKhomkulu lakhe laliphantsi kweeNtsaba taseLUBOMBO (ngekhathsi kwetindzawo namhlanje kuthsiwa eSwatini-Mozambique-Northern Zululand). 

(2) LUFULWENJA kaZulu: until 1734. 

Naye iKomkhulu lakhe lali lhapho eLubombo.

(3) ZELEMU kaLufulwenja: 1734 to 1752. 

Naye futhsi waphathsela lhapho eLubombo, kodvwa ke wafudvuka neSizwe wehla naso waya eNkandla-Mid-Zululand. Ngeloxesha esiSizwe sasesibizwa ngokuthsi hhamaZelemu okanye abakwaZelemu. 

(4) WABANE kaZelemu: 1752 to 1770. 

Wakhokhela naye iSizwe neKomkhulu lakhe lise Nkandla-Mid-Zululand. Kulha amaBhaca aqala khona ukufundza ukufukuthsa (ukudla inyama eluhlata). 

(5) VEBI kaWabane: 1770 to 1788. 

Naye wahlala apho eNkandla nesiSizwe ixesha elidze, kodwa wafudvuka naso waya  eNanda-South-Zululand. 

(6) KHALIMESHE kaVebi: 1788 to 1806. 

Wahlala ixesha eNanda, kodwa wafudvuka neSizwe waya eSibubulungu (kulendzawo kuthiwa eThekwini/Durban namhlanje, apho wakhothsamela khona, nengcwaba lakhe lise Bluff eDurban). 

(7) MADZIKANE kaKhalimeshe: 1806 to 1824. 

Wangena eticathfuleni tikayise uKhalimeshe kwalapho eSibubulungu, kodwa wafudvuka neSizwe waya kwaKhwela (Otto’s Bluff) , apho waphindza wadzibana netihlobo takhe, amaWushe kaMjoli kaMbedu awayethatshathelwe ubukhosi bawo ngabaThembu bakaNgoza eHowick. Wafudvuka uMadzikane neSizwe sonke (amaZelemu namaWushe netinye itizwana etincinane etakhethsa ukutifaka phantsi kukaKing Madzikane ngo 1820), wayamisa eMbondzeni (now called Mount Frere-KwaBhaca), kodvwa wakhothsamela eGqutyini-Mgwali-Engcobo. 

(8) SONYANGWE kaMadzikane: 1825. 

Yena wakhokhela esiSizwe from eMgwali to Mvenyane, then later Rhode-KwaBhaca. Wakhokhela inyanga etiwu 9, emva koko wabulawa ngamaBhele kaMdingi eRhode. 

(9) NCAPHAYI kaMadzikane: 1825 to 1844. 

IKomkhulu lakhe lalikeLutateni then later eSilindini phakathsi kweNtabankulu Mountains nomfula iThina. Wakhothsamela kwiliwa uNowalala-St John’s-Mzimvubu nomninawa wakhe uBhekizulu kwimfazwe yamaBhaca namaMpondo ngo 1844

(10) CHITHA kaMadzikane: 1844. 

Wabambela okwexeshana kwalapho eSilindini. Wasuka neSizwe babuyela eLutateni-KwaBhaca. 

(11) MDUTSHANA kaSonyangwe: 1845 to 1856

Yena iKomkhulu lakhe lalike Mpoza-kwaBhaca, kodvwa wakhethsa ukufudvwuka nengxenye yeSizwe samaBhaca ngo 1846 waya eNgwangwane, phakathsi kwemifula uMzumbe noMzimkulu. Aqhekeka amaBhaca ukusukela ngalo nyaka xa amanye eya eMzimkhulu amanye esala kwaBhaca. 

(12) DIKO kaNcaphayi: 1846 to 1872

AmaKhosikati bakaKing Ncaphayi (uMaKhohlisa noNoniko) kunye no Diko unyana omkhulu kwindlu enkulu kaNcaphayi bona abavumanga ukuya eMzimkhulu. Wawakhokhela amaBhaca uDiko iKomkhulu lakhe likeLutateni-KwaBhaca. Kodvwa waphindza walisusa walimisa eLubhacweni kulendzawo kwakhiwe kuyo idolophu iMount Frere namhlanje. Ngalonyaka ka1872 uDiko wabhukuqwa yi Cape Colonial Government yabelungu from being an over-all leader yamaBhaca, bamenta just an “ordinary chief”, kuba wayengafuni kuniketela ngomhlaba wamaBhaca kubelungu (annexation). The Cape Colonial Government yafaka uMakhawula, umninawa kaDiko ebukhosini bamenta into bayibita ukuthsi yi “paramount chief” yamaBhaca. Baphindza futhsi abelungu bamehlisa uDiko from being chief bamenta intfo bayibita kuthi yi “headman”, bathsathsa nomhlaba wakhe bamshiyela ilali etimbini (Lubhacweni neNgxabaxha). Then bambulala besebentisa abanye bendlu (assassinated him) ngo 1894.

UKULAHLEKA KOBUKUMKANI BAMABHACA

EsiSizwe samaBhaca salahlekelwa hhubuKhosi baso (Kingship) ngeti tizathfu tilandzelako:

(1) Ukuqhekeka kweSizwe samaBhaca ngexesha uMdutshana ehamba nengxenye yawo eya eMzimkhulu kodwa amanye amaBhaca engavumi, ethi wona afuna ukuhlala azindze kwindzawo ashiywa kuyo nguKing Madzikane eMbondzeni-kwaBhaca-Mount Frere

(2) Ukungenelela kwe Cape Colonial Government ukohlukanisa amaBhaca aseMount Frere ngokuthsenga uMakhawula (nge 300 pounds) ukuba alwe noMkhuluwa wakhe uDiko, ukuze uMakhawula abekwe ngabelungu ukuba abe yi “paramount chief” kwaBhaca ngo 1872 to 1906. 

(3) Ukuqhekeka kwe Royal House kaMadzikane ngokweTindlu, intfo leyo eyagqibela iveta ubuKhosi obuninji obulinganako ngokwetiTindlu tilandzelako:

ITIDLU ETINOBUKHOSI (Current Chieftaincies) 

1) DIKO  kaNcaphayi (eLubhacweni-kwaBhaca)

2) MAKHAWULA kaNcaphayi (eLugangeni-kwaBhaca)

3) MAKHAWULA kaNcaphayi (eMgungundlovu-kwaBhaca)

4) MDUTSHANA kaSonyangwe (eMpoza-kwaBhaca)

5) MSINGAPANTSI kaMdutshana (kwaDumakude-Mzimkhulu)

6) CIJISIWE kaMdutshana (kwaNokweja-Xobho)

7) NYONGWANA kaMdutshana (Bulwer/Creighton).

Ndiyabulela kuni nonke maBhaca amahle.

Hhumi lo obhale lha: uMVELI kaNkosi Dingumhlaba kaMabhijela kaMthsakathi kaQoza kaDiko kaNcaphayi kaMadzikane kaKhalimeshe kaVebi kaWabane kaZelemu kaLufulwenja.

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